An extensive review was undertaken of relevant peer-reviewed journal articles, international and national NGO reports, case studies, newspaper articles, factsheets, policy briefs and blogs relating to land use and land cover, agriculture and impacts of climate change in Bangladesh. Scientific studies and projections provide evidence to support the argument that the agricultural sector in Bangladesh is threatened by climate change impacts, rapid population growth and economic growth as reflected by infrastructure development. Furthermore, infrastructure development, such as building roads and housing, is also decreasing available agricultural land area. Urban expansion is attracting more people from rural areas to urban settlements in search of opportunities for better living. Thus, a transformative change has occurred from an agro-based economy to an industrialised one – a trend that is likely to continue. These changes may threaten the ability of the country to produce enough food to meet growing demand in the coming decades. Moreover, a changing climate also brings threats to crop production in the forms of droughts, floods and storms. Brammer (2020b) also noted that climatic changes and impacts are irregular and non-uniform across the nation. Thus, climate projections and trends should be verified with historical and local data and contexts before using them to inform decision-making. Finally, policy support and mandates can backstop climate-resilience actions and transformative agricultural practices to overcome the challenges of food security and climate change in the country. Institutional and community capacity-building can also enhance agricultural development.
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