Home Publications What can the Loss and Damage Facility learn from the Green Climate Fund?

What can the Loss and Damage Facility learn from the Green Climate Fund?

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This analysis draws from research on the decision-making and approval process in the GCF to explore how institutional arrangements and funding guidance shape the funding process and outcomes for the L&D facility. Insights are based on an analysis of GCF board meeting deliberations between 2016 and 2021 during which the board discussed 181 proposals, survey responses from 27 Accredited Entities and National Designated Authorities, and data on the GCF portfolio and pipeline. Based on principles of climate justice, we make the following recommendations:

  1. funding should be timely
  2. finance should be widely accessible and target the most vulnerable
  3. guidance on funding criteria needs to be clear
  4. financial instruments need to be appropriate
  5. power dynamics and politics require careful management.

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About the Authors:

Istiakh Ahmed, Laura Kuhl, M. Feisal Rahman, Jamie Shinn, Johan Arango-Quiroga, and Saleemul Huq .

Published by School of Public Policy and Urban Affairs, Northeastern University and International Center for Climate Change and Development (ICCCAD), July 2023


The authors gratefully acknowledge funding support from the Climate Social Science Network (CSSN) and Northeastern University College of Social Sciences and Humanities.


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